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Mammography is the process of using low-energy X-rays (usually around 30 kVp) to examine the human breast and is used as a diagnostic and a screening tool. The goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer, typically through detection of characteristic masses and/or microcalcifications.
Mammography is a fundamental test for the prevention of breast cancer, since it is able to detect small lesions. Therefore represents a diagnostic imaging technique recommended for all women starting at age 40.How it works
Mammohraphy is a diagnostic technique that allows detection of morphological breast lesions at an early stage , since when the size is less than 1 cm . Mammogram is a test that uses ionizing radiation , with a low dosage but to avoid the risk of radiation-induced cancers trying is important not to subject women to an excessive number of mammograms later in life and when possible is important to try switch the mammogram with an ultrasound exam ( which uses ultrasound, harmless ). The examination lasts a few minutes and is performed by applying pressure on the breast in order to dissociate the structures ( glandular tissue and adipose ) .
Mammography does not need any kind of preparation if not prudence, not for women in menopause, to undergo examination in the period between the end of menstruation and ovulation . It's a good idea that mammography is followed by a medical examination , during which MD can also compare mammograms performed previously to detect any changes .